Eric Samek Brasa

What exactly is working Capital? In a business it can be defined as its current assets less its current liabilities. Current assets comprise cash, stocks of raw materials, work in progress & finished goods, marketable securities such as Treasury bills & amounts receivable from from debtors. Current liabilities comprise creditors falling due within 1 year, & may include amounts owned to trade creditors, taxation payable, dividend payments due, short-term loans, long term debts maturing within twelve months & so on.

All businesses needs adequate liquid resources to keep everyday income. It needs enough to pay for wages & salaries since they fall due & enough to pay creditors should it be to help keep its workforce & ensure its supplies. Maintaining adequate working working capital is not just important in the short term. Sufficient liquidity has to be maintained to make sure the survival of the business eventually as well. A profitable company may fail when it lacks adequate cash flow to fulfill its liabilities because they fall due.

What exactly is Working Capital Management? Make sure that sufficient liquid resources are maintained is dependent on capital management. This involves achieving a balance between the requirement to minimize the chance of insolvency and also the requirement to optimize the return on assets .An excessively conservative approach resulting in high amounts of cash holding will harm profits because the chance to make a return on the assets tide up as cash may have been missed.

The amount of Current Assets Required. The volume of current assets required depends on the nature from the company business. For example, a manufacturing company might require more stocks than company in a service industry. As the amount of output with a company increases, the volume of current assets required will even increase.

Even assuming efficient stock holdings, debt collection procedures & cash management, there is still a particular degree of choice inside the total amount of current assets needed to meet output requirement. Policies of low stock-holding levels, tight credit & minimum cash holding may be contrasted with policies of high stock (To allow for safety or buffer stocks) easier credit & sizable cash holding (For precautionary reasons).

Over-Capitalization. If you can find excessive stocks debtors & cash & not many creditors there will an over investment from the company in current assets. It will be excessive & the company are usually in this respect over-capitalized. The return on the investment will likely be below it needs to be, & long term funds will be unnecessarily tide up when they may be invested elsewhere to earn profits.

Over capitalization with respect to working capital should never exist if you have good management nevertheless the warning since excessive working capital is poor accounting ratios. The ratios which may assist in judging whether or not the investment linrmw working capital is reasonable include the following.

Sales /working capital. The volume of sales being a multiple in the working capital investment should indicate weather, in comparison with previous year or with similar companies, the total worth of working capital is just too high.

Liquidity ratios. A current ratio more than 2:1 or perhaps a quick ratio greater than 1:1 might point to over-investment in working capital. Turnover periods. Excessive turnover periods for stocks & debtors, or even a short period of credit obtained from supplies, might indicate the volume of stocks of debtors is unnecessarily high or perhaps the amount of creditors too low.

Brasa Capital Management – What To Consider..

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